The American English coonhound is the first coonhound bred from true English foxhounds to adapt to the rigorous terrain of America, and the forefather of almost all the American coonhounds.
Early pioneering settlers, including Mr. Thomas Walker and the first president of the United States George Washington, brought English scenthounds to America in 1742, and they continued breeding with different hounds until the American English coonhound became a fast hot-nosed hunting dog.
Excessive red or black is a fault in the show ring. Its bark sounds like a hound’s bawl. The tail is medium length and set high. Pleasant, alert, confident and sociable with humans and dogs.
They need owners who are firm, confident and consistent with an air of authority. Socialize this breed well, preferably while still young to prevent them from being reserved with strangers.
Do not let this breed off the leash in an unsafe area, as they may take off after an interesting scent. They have a strong instinct to tree animals. Without enough mental and physical exercise they will become high-strung.
The American English coonhound is fast, hot-nosed and therefore very popular for hunters who compete in coonhunting trials, and hunters who prefer to tree raccoons or other prey at night, when many small varmints are active.
This breed also hunts or chases their prey up trees, using the typical melodic coonhound baying, or short choppy barking to alert the hunter that an animal has been ‘treed’.
English Coonhounds need extensive daily running to be happy. They need to be taken on a daily, long, brisk walk or jog where the dog is made to heel beside or behind the human holding the lead, as in a dog's mind, the leader leads the way. They can become high strung and/or destructive if they are lacking in exercise and/or structure.
The American English coonhound is a determined and strong hunter, a great family member, and also a very good watch-dog. Their voice is an extremely loud call or howl, and their barking is sharp and choppy and will get attention.
Like a few of the large coonhounds, the American English coonhound is prone to hip dysplasia, and their droopy ears make them susceptible to ear infections unless cleaned regularly.